Category Archives: taxes

American politics, tied to the land


Give me some land, lots of land, and you’ll understand U.S. politics.

The slightly fuzzy graphic you see above shows the average votes of U.S. states in the past four elections from 1992 to 2004. Dark red are states that tipped Republican in all four presidential races; dark blue to Democrats in all four; and the rest are variations in the middle. Notice the trend?

Politics is a function of land — the more open space you have, the more conservative you tend to be. The map of voting results looks almost like one of population density; blue states are coastal or northeastern with high concentrations of urban development, and the red could be the wide open skies of Montana and Texas. Politics aside, this makes sense. Liberals tend to advocate a more active role of government, which is needed in urban areas where crowding, transportation, education, police, and health services may be more pressing. Conservatives believe in a lesser role of government, relying more on rugged individualism — which works best where scant crowding does not require cooperation and the resources of the land are abundant. Neither point is right or wrong; but the conservative-independence approach works best where you can carve your own path, while liberal-heavy-government helps manage urban density.

We like this thesis (which holds up if you dig down to county levels within states, too) because it helps explain why America often feels like a nation divided. All economic systems must deal with the creation and distribution of wealth; the father of economics, Adam Smith, after all, was the guy who invented the progressive tax. Politics is the debate over how much should be shared. Americans still haven’t figured it out; the top marginal tax rate was 91% under President Eisenhower, 70% under Nixon, 50% under Reagan, 39.6% under Clinton and 35% under Bush; while today’s structure seems like a historically fair deal, any discussion on changing it brings out heated attacks from both political parties.

As the history of our tax system shows, logic has little to do with either parties’ view; gut instinct seems to take over on whether to share more or less. Marketers might think about the collective consciousness of their target audience tied to the land they live on, and how it drives their motives for independent or cooperative response. If you are launching a campaign remotely tied to such motives in the U.S., very different messaging might work in different markets.

Well, at least we know why we sometimes disagree with the talking head on TV. She was probably born in the wrong state.

Death, taxes and customer subscriptions


So we just finished paying our taxes, and sort of like the two guys in this 1923 photo testing bullet-proof vests on each other, we wondered — why the hell do we Americans inflict such dangerous pain upon ourselves?

To clarify: If someone pitched you a business model where millions of people voluntarily participated in half-day math sessions each year on complex forms to send you a big check in exchange for services they don’t see or understand, would you think anyone would participate?

The IRS lesson for marketers is compliance: You can increase sales and profits from customers if you move them from one-off transactions to an ongoing purchasing relationship. And that requires customers to comply.

Let us explain. Part of deriving value from consumers goes beyond “acquiring” them — the focus of so much advertising — to engaging them in some meaningful way to extend the profit and relationship. Subscription models are a classic example, in which a company or publication signs a customer up, and then works to extend the relationship for as long as possible. In the best case, subscription models increase the value exchange for both suppliers and consumers. The marketing organization increases sales at minimal incremental cost. Customers can fall asleep and still receive service. Brilliant.

So what is compliance? Customers have to agree to continue to give you their attention, or their wallets, or their annual tax returns. The intriguing thing is consumers, over time, become creatures of habit and will continue relationships they may not like, or may not find beneficial. Many, many businesses thrive by acquiring customers at artificially low “starter prices” and then ratcheting up rates over time. People, like spouses in soured relationships, tend to build up inertia. The perceived switching cost is just too much work, so you let hidden banking fees ding your account each month without taking action.

Yet … it doesn’t have to be this way. Eventually, consumers realize they’ve been had, and they will move on if you abuse them. The smart business anticipates that consumers will someday wake up, and thus increases profits over time while adding additional value.

So. How do you achieve nirvana — ongoing customer relationships and ever rising profits? The answer is to simply begin marketing to your existing account base. You certainly have a marketing plan to acquire customers, and you probably have loyalty programs in place to address those most at risk of defection. But what about the customers in the middle?

Customers will never subscribe to your service unless you give them an explicit on-ramp. If you never ask, you will never receive. Do you promote subscription models? Do you reward repeat purchases or long tenure?

Here’s a thought grenade for your team meeting next week: Ask, “Hey, guys, what is our marketing plan for our existing customers?” As you look around the table at the blank stares, explain, “Hmm, our competitors have a plan to steal them. Shouldn’t we have a plan to keep them?”

(Photo courtesy Shorpy.)